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A Sustainable Future Is on the Horizon with Digital Twins and Artificial Intelligence
October 31, 2022 Blog

Authored By: Cheryl Ajluni, Director, Industry Solutions, Keysight Technologies


Sustainability is a top priority for all organisations today. For example, one-third of Europe’s largest companies have pledged to reach net-zero emissions by 2050, according to Accenture. Yet the firm also found that enterprises must significantly accelerate their efforts over the next decade, as just 9% of companies are currently on track to achieve this goal.

One way organisations can reach net zero and address other sustainability efforts is through the combined power of digital twins and Artificial Intelligence (AI). The technologies provide companies with unparalleled insights into their operations that can then inform sustainability improvements and help them achieve climate goals. For example, digital twins can be used to test various scenarios and help companies determine the best strategies for reducing energy consumption and emissions.

Technology Advances Accelerating Digital Twin Adoption

Of course, digital twins have already been deployed in various ways. For example, they are being used to help healthcare researchers create highly accurate models of the heart, lungs and other organs to improve clinical diagnoses, education and training. The energy industry also offers numerous use cases for digital twins, including building digital models to guide oil drilling efforts in real time.

But recent technology advances in simulation and modelling capabilities, increased deployment of IoT sensors and a more widely available computing infrastructure mean that companies can increase their reliance on digital twins. And when organisations augment digital twins with AI, they can realise additional benefits—for example, running simulations to investigate “what-if” scenarios and gain a deeper understanding of cause and effect.

“Sustainability is a top priority for all organisations today.”

There are numerous examples of how these technologies can enhance operations, including their ability to inform a greener world. With that in mind, below are a few use cases that demonstrate how digital twins and AI are driving sustainability improvements across industries.

Smart Industry

By 2025 89% of all IoT platforms will include digital twins, transforming how industrial and manufacturing facilities operate and providing granular insights to enhance sustainability efforts. Examples include:

  • Investigating ways to reduce energy consumption through a deeper understanding of where energy loss is occurring
  • Using predictive analytics to determine how emissions could be reduced by making various changes
  • Conducting risk assessments to identify operational weaknesses that could lead to accidents with an environmental impact

GE Digital is one organisation that has pioneered the use of digital twins and AI for sustainability improvements. Through its Autonomous Tuning Software, the company creates a digital twin of its gas turbines to find optimal flame temperature and fuel splits. The technology senses environmental and physical degradation changes in real-time, facilitating automatic adjustments to ensure that the gas turbines are running efficiently at low emissions and acoustic levels. With the technology, power generation plants have realized carbon monoxide reduction by 14% and decreased nitrous oxide emissions by 10–14%.

Smart Cities

City planning, management and optimisation is another area poised to transform through the combined power of digital twins and AI. These smart cities offer numerous benefits—addressing food insecurity, increasing mobility, and helping identify criminal activity to name just a few. Smart cities also have much to offer in the form of addressing sustainability goals.

With digital twins and AI, city governments can understand, quantify and predict the impact of their decisions on the environment and test potential scenarios to determine the most environmentally beneficial situation.

For example, Transport for London (TfL) is using digital twins to gather data on noise, heat and carbon emissions throughout the Tube network. Prior to deploying the technology, TfL staff could only inspect assets when the Underground was closed between the hours of 1 a.m. to 5 a.m. With the real-time network access afforded by the digital twin, TfL can now assess locations throughout operating hours and also spot data that was previously undetected by the human eye, such as faults and heat and noise hotspots. Officials believe the project will be a key component of Mayor Sadiq Khan’s goal of a zero-carbon rail system by 2030.

As carbon neutrality becomes a priority for cities across the globe, expect the usage of digital twins and AI to increase.

Smart Buildings

Just as digital twins and AI can help city sustainability efforts, they are also increasingly being utilised to create smart buildings. The technologies ensure sustainability is top of mind from the outset, enabling construction managers and other stakeholders to develop virtual representations that can evaluate a building’s anticipated carbon footprint during the design phase.

“With digital twins and AI, city governments can understand, quantify and predict the impact of their decisions on the environment and test potential scenarios to determine the most environmentally beneficial situation.”

This was the approach developers took when designing The Hickman in London, which has become the world’s first building to receive a Platinum rating for smart buildings from SmartScore. During construction, the digital twin was connected with the building’s management system through a variety of sensors, providing an integrated view of data such as occupancy, temperature, air quality, light levels and energy consumption. Not only did this enable the developers to optimise energy performance and reduce carbon emissions, it also laid the framework for future sustainability enhancements, as these can be simulated first via The Hickman’s digital model.

There is increasing regulatory pressure on the construction industry to design greener buildings, so we can only expect that more developers will follow The Hickman’s lead and look to address sustainability concerns before breaking any new ground. 

Becoming a more sustainable industry and, ultimately, the planet has been an elusive goal for the last several years. But with recent advances in AI and the increased adoption of digital twins, this vision is poised to be realised. Now is the time for organisations to harness the combined power of these technologies to obtain insights at every stage of operations that will support a more sustainable, less carbon-intensive economy at a micro-level—and a greener world overall.


About the Author: Cheryl Ajluni

Cheryl Ajluni has spent the last 30 years as a technology expert, taking highly complex technical topics and helping others make sense of them. Her work ranges from research and development of optical solutions for satellite solar array testing to penning an RF circuit design textbook.

Cheryl has worked as an engineer for the Department of Defense, IBM and Space Systems/Loral, and as a technical editor and editor-in-chief for publications like Electronic Design and Wireless Systems Design.

Currently, Cheryl is the Director of Industry Solutions at Keysight Technologies. A patented engineer, she holds bachelor’s degrees in physics and mathematics from U.C. Davis.